Idaho Work-Based Learning Definitions
Learning About Work
Job Shadowing: a short-term experience where an individual learns through watching and conversation what it is like to perform a certain type of work by accompanying an experienced worker as they perform the targeted job.
Externship: an experience, for a teacher, where he/she is immersed in the workplace for a period of time with the expectation that the experience will inform their teaching.
Work Experience: paid or volunteer work to gain exposure to professional working environments and develop workplace readiness skills.
From IDAPA 08.02.03.007
A competency-based educational experience that occurs at the worksite but is tied to the classroom by curriculum through the integration of school-based instruction with worksite experiences. Structured work experience involves written training agreements between school and the worksite, and individual learning plans that link the student’s worksite learning with classroom course work. Student progress is supervised and evaluated collaboratively by school and worksite personnel. Structured work experience may be paid or unpaid; may occur in a public, private, or non-profit organization; and may or may not result in academic credit and/or outcome verification. It involves no obligation on the part of the worksite employer to offer regular employment to the student subsequent to the experience.
Mentorship: a relationship where an experienced person in a company or educational institution provides guidance for an individual regarding postsecondary and/or career exploration.
Learning Through Work
Internship: a paid or unpaid experience for a student or trainee where they work in an organization in order to gain professional experience or satisfy requirements for a qualification. They may or may not also receive secondary or postsecondary credit.
Clinical: an experience, similar to an internship, but typically found in health career preparation programs, where an individual observes and treats patients with oversight from a professional.
Pre-Apprenticeship: a program where an individual learns basic technical and job-readiness skills for designated apprenticeable occupations or industry sectors, to prepare them for Registered Apprenticeship training. Pre-apprenticeship normally features a classroom and/or lab setting, but may also involve worksite visits, job-shadowing, or other activities outside the program facility, to provide exposure to the work environment for the targeted occupation(s). Credit for the “classroom” instruction is typically applied to the related instruction of the registered apprenticeship program and prioritized entry for apprentice positions is commonly offered.
Co-Op: a structured method where a student receives both classroom-based education and practical work experience which is typically alternated throughout the program. A cooperative education experience, commonly known as a "co-op", provides academic credit for structured job experience and students are generally paid by the employer during their work time. Students graduate with significant work experience.
From IDAPA 08.02.03.007
Cooperative Work Experience. Classroom learning is integrated with a productive, structured work experience directly related to the goals and objectives of the educational program. Schools and participating businesses cooperatively develop training and evaluation plans to guide and measure the progress of the student. School credit is earned for successful completion, and the work may be paid or unpaid. Cooperative work experiences are also known as co-operative education or co-op.
Learning At Work
On-the-Job Training (OJT): an experience where an employee receives one-on-one training located at their job site or office by a supervisor/mentor. The employer determines the skills/competencies and how they are measured. In certain cases, OJT may be referred to as Subsidized Employment if the employer receives a subsidy from federal, state or other public funds to offset some or all of the wages and costs of employing an individual. The participant is paid wages and receives the same benefits as any other employee doing similar work.
Apprenticeship: a combination of on-the-job training (OJT) and related classroom instruction under the supervision of a skilled mentor in which the apprentice learns the practical and theoretical aspects of a highly skilled occupation. Typically, wage gains are provided based on time and/or competency and the program may result in industry recognized credential(s).
Registered Apprenticeship: a combination of on-the-job training (OJT) and related classroom instruction under the supervision of a skilled mentor in which the apprentice learns the practical and theoretical aspects of a highly skilled occupation. Wage gains are provided based on time and/or competency and the program results in national and/or industry recognized credential(s). Programs are registered with and monitored for compliance by the U.S. Department of Labor.
School to Registered Apprenticeship: an extension of a registered apprenticeship program targeted to high school youth, 16 years old and above. The U.S. Department of Labor provides certain exemptions from child labor provisions for hazardous occupations to allow the apprentice to complete their program. All requirements for a registered apprenticeship program must be met and the apprenticeship agreement includes signatures from the high school and parents.
Videos created through a grant received from the Idaho STEM Action Center for the Governor's Age of Agility Summit Regional Activation.
- Idaho Workforce Development Council Leader Initiative
- Idaho Leader
- Work-Based Learning Continuum (PDF)
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Workforce Training & Continuing Education
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